How to Choose Glasses Lenses

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Visual Needs

The glasses lenses you choose are primarily determined by the vision-correcting properties you are seeking. Depending on your visual needs, you may need either single-vision or multifocal lenses.


Single-Vision Lenses

For many people, single-vision lenses correct their vision sufficiently, either for distance or for reading.

Single-Vision Distance:

If you are part of the 42 percent of the American population living with nearsightedness, you may be looking for single-vision distance lenses to correct your vision. If you have distance-corrective glasses, your prescription will begin with a (-), and your lens will be concave, or curve inward, to correct your vision properly.

Single-Vision Reading:

Reading lenses are designed to help you see things at a close distance, typically between 30 and 40 cm(11.8 to 15.8 inches). These lenses are convex, or curve outward, and are appropriate for people with prescriptions beginning with a (+).

While single-vision lenses are suitable for a large portion of eyeglass wearers, your eyes may be unique. If you have difficulty seeing at both close and long ranges, you may need bifocals or multifocals. These glasses correct your vision at multiple distances, allowing you to see clearly — both up close and from a distance.


Progressive Lenses

Progressive Lenses are unique lenses, designed to seamlessly incorporate distance, middle- and near- vision correction. Because these lenses are highly personalized, they can correct even the most unique eyes, and provide all the benefits of bifocal lenses without the obvious horizontal line.

If you have particularly unique eyes, or need bifocals but do not want the obvious line in your lens, consider progressive lenses.


Lens Coating

Coating can give your glasses lenses different attributes, making them behave differently according to their environment. Some change colors based upon the lighting, while others offer protection from scratches or the sun. To better understand the options available to you; we’ve listed some of the coatings available in our catalog and what they can do for you.


Anti-Scratch Coating

No pair of glasses is indestructible, but that doesn’t mean they can’t be protected. Anti-scratch coating defends your lenses against scratches and abrasions from everyday wear and tear, and helps reinforce them against drops.

Everyone can benefit from a little extra protection, which is why all of ELKLOOK™ Eyewear’s customers can benefit from this incredible coating — it comes free with all of our glasses!

Anti-Reflective Coating

Anti-reflective, or AR, coating is another beneficial coating for any pair of eyeglasses. This coating gets rid of annoying glare, halos around lights and reflections on your lenses caused by computers and lights. They also make your lenses nearly invisible by removing reflections, making your lenses less of an obstruction during face-to-face conversations or photography sessions.

Anti-reflective coating is especially important for people with high-index lenses, as these lenses have higher refractive indexes. This increased refractive index means these lenses will tend to reflect up to 50 percent more light than traditional lenses, causing more glare unless they are equipped with AR coating.

Anti-reflective lenses are important for nearly everyone in the modern world — especially those working around computers or cameras or regularly driving at night.

Light-Adjusting Coating

This coating will change the tint of your glasses lenses depending on the amount of light they are exposed to, becoming dark outdoors and clearer indoors. This helps protect the wearer’s eyes from harmful UV rays and direct sunlight, protecting the wearer’s vision.

This option does not apply to sun wear options, but is available for nearly all lens materials and designs. We offer premium Transitions™ lenses, as well as basic photochromic lenses, both of which are excellent options for those seeking light-adjusting coating for their glasses lenses .

Anyone working in positions where they switch from indoor to outdoor environments frequently will benefit from light-adjusting coating, as well as people who are concerned about their overall eye protection from the sun. Light- adjusting glasses offer the same amount of protection as sunglasses, without requiring you to purchase and carry around an extra set of eyewear.

Color Tint Coating

Looking for extra clarity with a pair of yellow-tinted lenses and want to see the world through rose-colored glasses? We have those options for you! Many people choose to add a hint of color to their lenses to help them see better, or to add a certain look to their eyewear. We offer three colors and four intensities for you to choose from, giving you plenty of customization options. Our color tints cannot be added to polarized or photochromic lenses.

These lenses are ideal for people looking to add some more color to their world, as well as their overall look.

Gradient Tint Coating

Gradient-tint lens coatings are excellent choices for sun wear. These lenses have a dark tint at the top of the lens and then progressively lighten toward the bottom. The resulting lens gives the wearer plenty of sun protection, as well as privacy, but offers you varying degrees of light. Gradient tints are only applicable to lenses for frames above 36mm in height.

If you are looking for sun protection, but are uncomfortable with uniformly dark sunglasses, consider gradient tint coatings instead.

Polarized Coating

This coating reduces the annoying, and sometimes dangerous, reflections on your lenses created by water, roads and other surfaces. These reflections can be distracting or obtrusive, posing a danger to you and your well-being if you are traveling. ELKLOOK™ Eyewear’s polarized coatings come in polarized gray, polarized tea, polarized dazzling blue, so you have options for the look of your lenses.

If you drive or bike frequently, and travel along bodies of water or slick roads, you could greatly benefit from polarized coating.

Mirrored Tint Coating

If you want to add a little bit of mystique to your look, or simply wish to hide your eyes from onlookers, you may want to look into a mirrored coating on your lenses. Mirrored lenses are functional and fashionable sunglasses with a little extra flash. This reflective coating comes in dazzling silver, dazzling pink.

Take a look at mirrored tints if you’re in search of a more mysterious style. Athletes should also consider these coatings, since mirrored tints are highly sought-after for athletic sunglasses.

Water-repellent Coating

All eyeglass wearers dread getting rain or water on their eyeglasses. Droplets can leave behind smudges or dirt on your lenses and cleaning them properly can be a hassle — especially in rainy weather. However, there is a solution!
Water-repellent coatings keep water droplets, dirt, and smudges off your lenses, which helps to maintain their cleanliness and reduces the need for you to clean them regularly. Lenses with this premium coating stay crystal-clear up to twice as long as your normal eyeglasses!

If you live in a rainy area, work, or live around water sources or simply like to be in and around the water, we recommend looking into this lens coating to help keep your lenses as clear as possible!

UV Protective Coating

Exposure to the sun’s harmful UV radiation is associated with numerous age-related eye problems, such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Because of this, doctors encourage people to protect their eyes from UV radiation. This is why UV protective coating is so important for everyone. By deflecting harmful UV rays from the sun before they can damage your eyes, this invisible UV protective coating works like sunscreen for your eyes.

If you are looking to purchase our polycarbonate lenses, you should know that UV protection is built right into them!

Blue Light Blocking Coating

Blue light glasses are popular for good reason. We spend a huge portion of our days looking at screens — people check their smartphones every 6.5 minutes on average, and 55.5 percent of employed Americans work with a computer every day.We rely on our digital devices,and our connectivity is not going anywhere anytime soon. In the past four years alone, the number of smartphone owners has increased by 82 percent,and this number is still on the rise. However, this increased connectivity comes with risks — especially to our eyesight.

The biggest source of potential harm from digital screens is blue light. This part of the visual spectrum is a short- wavelength light, which can be found in just about everything from sunshine to computer screens. Unlike blue- turquoise light, which is healthy and beneficial for us, blue-violet light, such as the high-energy visible (HEV) light from backlit screens and artificial lighting, can be damaging to our eyes after excessive exposure.

Up to 75 percent of computer users experience discomfort after using their screens for a long period of time, and considering what looking at screens does to our eyes, it’s not surprising. Extended use of digital devices makes our eyes work harder, requiring them to constantly maintain focus. This can contribute to eye dryness and fatigue, an inability to maintain focus, headaches, and long-term wear on your vision.

This damage can be especially devastating for kids growing up around digital devices, as they are at greater risk for long-term damage than adults.
To help protect your eyes from damage, we offer blue light glasses, including EBDBlue Plus and SightRelax. Both of these lenses are designed to protect your eyes against the blue-violet light emitted by digital screens, and are also designed to be scratch-resistant, UV-protective, and anti-reflective.


Lens Index


The index of your lens, also referred to as the index of refraction or refractive index, is a number that indicates how efficiently the material bends, or refracts, light. The higher the refractive index of the lens, the more slowly light moves through it, and the more the light bends. For you, this means a thinner high-index lens will perform the same as a thick set of standard low-index lenses.

Additionally, higher indexes are able to handle higher prescriptions. If you have a particularly strong prescription, a lens with a higher index may be the best choice for you. Here at ELKLOOK™ Eyewear, we offer lenses with indexes up to 1.74.

1.57 Index — Thin and Light Lens

For people with somewhat stronger prescriptions, these lenses may be a better choice than the standard lenses. These lenses are thinner and stronger than their 1.5-index counterparts, handling SPH corrections between +/-5.00 and +/-4.00, and CYL corrections of +/-3.00 and below.

1.6 Index — Super-Thin Lens

These stylish, super-thin lenses are an excellent choice for people with strong prescriptions or particularly thin frames. These lenses are suited to people with SPH corrections between +/-4.00 and +/-6.00, and CYL corrections between +/-2.25 and +/-3.00.

1.67 Index — Ultra-Thin Lens

These lightweight, thin lenses ensure your eyes do not look distorted from a higher prescription. If you have a particularly strong prescription, this is likely the best choice for you. We typically recommend these lenses for people with SPH corrections between +/-3.00 and +/-15.00, and CYL corrections between +/-3.25 and +/-4.00.


1.71 Index— Thinner lens

1.71 lenses are of high refractive index and relatively thin. It is recommended to wear them for people with high power.These lenses are best for prescriptions with SPH corrections of +/-8.00 and above, and CYL corrections between +/-2.00 and +/-6.00.


1.74 Index — As Thin as Possible Lens

Our thinnest lenses are designed for the highest-powered prescriptions. Any thinner and they would disappear! These lenses are best for prescriptions with SPH corrections of +/-8.00 and above, and CYL corrections between +/-2.00 and +/-6.00.

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